Tuesday, December 13, 2011

How to Find HardDisk Partitian UUID, Label , Type and Device node Identifier in Ubuntu / Debian Linux

 Some times you need to know the  device node identifier. e.g. /dev/sda1, a partition UUID,  a partition label or partition type (ntfs,fat32 etc). By using the following command you can see all the  relevant information about your partitions.

 Open a Terminal

$ sudo blkid -c /dev/null

sample output

/dev/sda1: UUID="D8C0A470C0A45692" TYPE="ntfs"
/dev/sda5: LABEL="Ddrive" UUID="FA0C1D8C0C1D44D3" TYPE="ntfs"
/dev/sda6: UUID="1ccc38e0-5981-438b-adc0-d90301eee022" TYPE="ext4"
/dev/sda7: UUID="03a0bd37-b163-49a2-b1a9-33017d764ba8" TYPE="swap"
/dev/sda8: LABEL="ibex" UUID="61f6b15b-8be8-43d8-904f-4e599b608994" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3"
/dev/sda9: UUID="3b70839c-525c-490c-9892-791a539b3005" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3"
/dev/sda10: LABEL="EDrive" UUID="E8B8420AB841D7A8" TYPE="ntfs"
/dev/ramzswap0: TYPE="swap"

Monday, December 12, 2011

How to Monitor Realtime Network Traffic in Ubuntu / Debian Linux

Here you can see How to Monitor Realtime  Incoming Network Traffic in Ubuntu / Debian Linux with simple Utility IFSTAT

How to Install ifstat

Open a terminal

$ sudo apt-get install ifstat

How to run

$ ifstat

eth0                  eth1                     
 KB/s in  KB/s out   KB/s in  KB/s out   
    4.67      5.21      3.67      5.05  
    3.93      4.59      0.38      0.74  
    3.93      4.59      6.19      8.30  
    3.93      4.59      3.03      4.33  

Thursday, December 8, 2011

sudo with out asking password in Ubuntu / Debian Linux

How to sudo with out asking password in Ubuntu / Debian Linux
open a terminal 
$ sudo visudo
Now Add this line at the end (change “panayara” to your username):

Ctrl-X to leave, save your changes, and you're done!

Wednesday, December 7, 2011

What are seven fields in the Ubuntu Linux Password file

What are seven fields in the /etc/passwd file (Ubuntu Linux Password file)

      1          2    3     4         5                   6                   7
username:x:UID:GID:comment:home directory:shell

"username" is login name.
"x" is link of password.
"UID" stands for userID.
"GID" stands for groupID.

Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Common Filesystem Types used in Ubuntu / Debian Linux

Filesystem Types
* The most common filesystem types are:
ext2,ext3,ext4               The standard Linux filesystems

iso9660                          The filesystem used on CD-ROMs

proc                  Not a real filesystem, so uses none as the device.
                         Used as a way for the kernel to report  system information to user processes

Sysfs               exports information about devices and drivers from the kernel device model to user space
vfat                The filesystem used by Windows 95

auto                Not a real filesystem type. Used as a way of asking the mount command to probe for various
                       filesystem types, particularly for removable media

ReiserFS         is a general-purpose, journaled computer file system designed and implemented by a team at 
                       Namesys led by Hans Reiser      
 XFS       is a journaling filesystem,  developed  by  SGI
JFS       is  a  journaling  filesystem,  developed  by IBM 
tmpfs             is a common name for a temporary file storage facility on many Unix-like operating systems
usbfs              USB Device Filesystem.

Networked filesystems include
nfs (Unix-specific)
smbfs (Windows or Samba)

Sunday, December 4, 2011

List of Server applications you can run in Ubuntu / Debian Linux

Name of some Server applications you can run in Ubuntu / Debian Linux

apache — Web server
boa — lightweight Web server
sshd — ssh server
sendmail — mail server
qmail — mail server
postfix — mail server
named — DNS server
bind    --- DNS Server
squid — Web proxy server
nessusd — penetration testing server
postgresql — database server
mysql — database server
oracle — database server
telnet — telnet server
wu-ftpd —  ftp server

vsftpf  ---- ftp server  
samba  --  windows file sharing

And more............

Wednesday, November 30, 2011

Useful Linux Network Commands for Ubuntu / Debian

Ubuntu Linux Useful Networking commands

    ifconfig – displays information network
    iwconfig – displays information from wireless
    sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart – reset the network
    /etc/network/interfaces –
(file) manual configuration
    ifup interface – bring online interface
    ifdown interface – disable interface 

iwlist scan - shows wireless networks that are available in the area with basic encryption information
lshw -C network - Shows Details of Interface card and drivers of each networking device

lspci -nn - Shows PCI vendor and device codes as both numbers and names of hardware connected to the pci bus
lsusb - Shows USB connected hardware
lshw -C usb - Additional info on USB related hardware (good for USB dongles)

route -n - Lists kernel IP routing table — Good for troubleshooting problems with the gateway
sudo dhclient - Request IP address from DHCP server for specified interface
sudo dhclient -r - Release IP address associated with specified interface
/etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules - (File) which assigns logical names (eth0, wlan0, etc) to MAC addresses
cat /etc/resolv.conf - Lists DNS servers associated with network connections

Thursday, November 3, 2011

How to Resize FAT Filesytem using Ubuntu LInux Utility : Fatresize

Fatresize is a command line tool for  resizing  MS Windows FAT16 / FAT32 file systems.
Fatresize Installation:

$ sudo apt-get install fatresize
Using Fatresize:
Fatresize follow the usual GNU command line syntax, with long options starting with two dashes (`-'). A summary of options is included below.
-h --help: Show summary of options.
-s --size: Re-size volume to SIZE[k|M|G|ki|Mi|Gi] bytes
-i --info: Show volume information
-p --progress: Show progress
-q --quite: Be quite
-v --verbose: Verbose (not version)

Fatresize Examples:
fatresize -s 2G /dev/evms/hdb2
fatresize -q -s 3G /dev/hde6
fatresize -i /dev/hdg3

Saturday, October 29, 2011

How to Find the type of Memory Installed in Your Computer : Ubuntu Trick

In the case of upgrading, you have to know what type of memory installed in your machine. Capacity, Type, Speed etc.  here you can see a simple trick to find all details of your memory.

Open a terminal and type the following

$ sudo dmidecode --type memory

You can see the output like this

# dmidecode 2.9
SMBIOS 2.4 present.

Handle 0x0017, DMI type 16, 15 bytes
Physical Memory Array
    Location: System Board Or Motherboard
    Use: System Memory
    Error Correction Type: None
    Maximum Capacity: 8 GB
    Error Information Handle: Not Provided
    Number Of Devices: 4
Memory Device
    Array Handle: 0x0017
    Error Information Handle: Not Provided
    Total Width: 64 bits
    Data Width: 64 bits
    Size: 2048 MB
    Form Factor: DIMM
    Set: None
    Locator: J6H2
    Bank Locator: CHAN A DIMM 1
    Type: DDR2
    Type Detail: Synchronous
    Speed: 800 MHz (1.2 ns)
    Manufacturer: 0x7F4F000000000000
    Serial Number: 0x0007BF39
    Asset Tag: Unknown
    Part Number: 0x4A4D383030514C552D324720202020202020

Thursday, October 27, 2011

Trash-cli : Manage Trash from Command line in Ubuntu Linux

By using a utility named trash-cli you can simply mange Trash from command line  

 The location of Trash folder in old GNOME version is (~/.Trash), in current versions it is in ~/.local/share/Trash. There is two sub folders named files and info. The files folder contains the files deleted and info directory consists of meta data for each deleted file.

First step, install trash-cli utility

$ sudo apt-get install trash-cli

It installs three commands,
1. list-trash to list down the files in trash
2. trash to move the file to trash
3. restore-trash to restore the file to original path


$ trash love.txt      ( move the file love.txt to trash folder)

$ list-trash              (List the contents of Trash folder) 

       2011-10-27 22:46:28 /home/abc/love.txt

 $ restore-trash love.txt   (Restore the file love.txt) 

   0 2011-10-27 22:46:28 /home/abc/love.txt
What file to restore [0..0]: 0  (if there is more than one file list shows 1  2  3 etc)

Sunday, September 25, 2011

How to Create Encrypted Folder in Ubuntu with Cryptkeeper

 We can create Encrypted Folder in Ubuntu using Cryptkeeper. Cryptkeeper is a system tray applet for Linux that is designed to provide you with simplified options to create hidden encrypted directories. You can save your important data on the password-protected and encypted directories and access at any time by displaying a hidden folder option in the system tray.

How to install cryptkeeper in ubuntu

Open a terminal and type the following
$ sudo apt-get install  cryptkeeper

Wednesday, September 14, 2011

Linux Then and Now (Linux Development Milestones )

Linux Then and Now (Linux Development Milestones )

Monday, September 12, 2011

Vinux : Ubuntu For Blind (visually Impaired users)

Vinux is a remastered version of the Ubuntu Linux Distribution optimized for visually impaired users. It provides a screen-reader, full-screen magnification and support for Braille displays out of the box! It can be run from a Live CD without making any changes to your hard drive. If you like it you can install it to a USB pendrive or to your hard drive either alongside Windows using the Virtual Version, or as a complete replacement for windows.
see More Here 

Tuesday, July 26, 2011

What is Socket and PORT in Computer Network Programming

   A port represents an endpoint or "channel" for network communications. Port numbers allow different applications on the same computer to utilize network resources without interfering with each other.

The purpose of ports is to differentiate multiple endpoints on a given network address. You could say that a port is a virtualised endpoint. This virtualisation makes possible multiple concurrent connections on a single network interface. 

 A socket represents a single connection between two network applications. These two applications nominally run on different computers, but sockets can also be used for interprocess communication on a single computer. Applications can create multiple sockets for communicating with each other. Sockets are bidirectional, meaning that either side of the connection is capable of both sending and receiving data. Therefore a socket can be created theoretically at any level of the OSI model from 2 upwards.

The combination of an IP address and a port is strictly known as an endpoint and is sometimes called a socket. A socket is not bound to TCP/IP, it can be any protocol

Friday, July 22, 2011

How to Add a Network printer in Ubuntu 10.04

Here I have a Network printer connected in . It is an HP Printer.

Select System --> Administration --> Printing
Now Select Add  then Expand the Network Printer option , select Find Network Printer , then type your Print server IP and press FIND Button
 It will automaticaly detect your printer
Now it will ask for exact printer model  , select printer brand and model from Menu.

After Adding Printer You can right click on printer and make proper settings

Tuesday, July 5, 2011

How to Select a Linux Distibution - Simple Guide

If you are a person that caught the world attention and want to try a linux distro, but you do not know what to start, and where to start,  here I will offer a little help.

see this site

Monday, July 4, 2011

Burn CD, DVD and Blu-Ray in Ubuntu Linux using Silicon Empire

Burn CD, DVD and Blu-Ray in Ubuntu Linux using Silicon EmpireSilicon Empire is an application for GNU / Linux that lets you record and manage optical discs such as CD, DVD and Blu-Ray. It is written in Qt, a widely used multi-platform library for developing applications with graphical user interface as well as for developing non-GUI programs as tools for the command line and console server.
Silicon Empire uses cdrtools and gives us the ability to copy or burn a data disc images, erase or mount DVDs. For the time being to create an audio CD, though (curiously) comes with a player music ( MiniTuner ) and even a picture viewer, these (as well as the characteristics of CD / DVD) are called "Sapplications" which are basically plug-ins, so you could get more of these in the future.


    Record, copy and erase optical discs
    Supports CDs, DVDs and BluRays
    Show all information about disks and optical drives before starting to record / copy / delete.
    It Supports Iso,. Nrg,. Bin. Mdf and. Img
    Manager images from CD / DVD
    Support for drag and drop
    Copy all or only part of the discs

 Download deb package from here

Saturday, April 23, 2011

How to Install Mozilla Firefox 4 in Ubuntu Linux

If possible remove the older version first.

Now You can start Firefox 4 Installation

1.  Open Synaptic Package Manager and add the Firefox PPA to the Software Resources.
       (Settings --> Repositories --> Other Software , now click on Add Button and Enter ppa as shown below

2.  ppa:mozillateam/firefox-stable

  3. Now Click on Reload button to update the Software Repository.

4. Now enter "Firefox 4" in Search box of synaptic package Manager

5. Mark Firefox 4  for Installation

6. Press Apply Button

Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Kerala Entrance Exam 2011 (KEAM 2011) Answer Key And Solutions Published

Kerala Entrance Exam 2011 (KEAM 2011) Answer Key And Solutions  Published

Tell your Friend about this site . This site is exclusively designed for Engineering Students. www.keralalinux.com

Kerala Entrance Exam 2011 Answer key and Solution will be published . For answer Key and solutions please keep in touch regular on this site. Official site of CEE will publish after 21-04-2011. Some other sites are under the preparation of key. So please keep in touch regular on this site.

Tuesday, March 1, 2011

Download Free Qt Training Course Material for KDE Developers and Teachers

QT is  produced by Nokia's Qt Development Frameworks division,. Nokia's Qt team has unveiled a new initiative - namely to build awareness about Qt -  Qt is a cross-platform application and UI framework - among students and Teachers.

Qt is most notably used in Nokia, Autodesk, Google Earth, KDE, Adobe Photoshop Album, the European Space Agency,  Volvo, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Skype, VLC media player, Samsung, Philips and  VirtualBox

This Qt Course Material  has around 10 lectures that cover the basics of Qt in addition to some special topics. It includes s PowerPoint slides, notes, exercises etc which will make their job a lot easier in teaching Qt to their students.

You can download all the lectures together in one file (45 MB download) or download individual lectures.

Thursday, February 24, 2011

How to Convert Webpage to PDF in Ubuntu/Debian Linux : wkhtmltopdf

Wkhtmltopdf is a command line utility for converting  webpage / html to  PDF.


  • Convert web pages into PDF documents using webkit
  • Adding headers and footers (static version only)
  • TOC generation (static version only)
  • Batch mode conversions
  • (Linux) No longer requires an XServer to be running (however the X11 client libs must be installed)
How to install wkhtmltopdf in Ubuntu / Debian
$  sudo apt-get install wkhtmltopdf

See More Usage Details here

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

How to : simulation of arduino programs using virtual breadboard (Freeware)

VirtualBreadboard is a simulation and development environment for embedded applications that use microcontrollers. It is easy to use and can replace a protoboard for experimenting with new designs.It is a freeware.
VBB simulates many of the PIC16 and PIC18 microcontroller devices with now Arduino emulation. In addition a wide variety of simulated components such as LCD’s, Servos, logic and other IO devices that can be used to model and simulate high level circuits. See More Here 

Friday, February 18, 2011

How to watch the Bandwidth Stats by Process using NetHogs in Ubuntu / Debian Linux

NetHogs is a lightweight Linux text-based tool that monitors bandwidth usage, then groups it by process, Network administrators can  can see which PIDs are using the most bandwidth, and if necessary, you can kill the process.
It supports

  • Shows TCP download- and upload-speed per process
  • Supports both IPv4 and IPv6
  • Supports both Ethernet and PPP 
How to Install Nethogs in Ubuntu /debian

Open a Terminal and type the following

$sudo apt-get install nethogs


$ sudo nethogs eth0
For More help
$ man nethogs 

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

How to change the Grub 2 settings without using the command line In Ubuntu 10.10 with Grub Customizer 2.0

Grub Customizer is a graphical interface to configure the grub2. The application allows the user to add, remove, freeze, rename and reorder boot menu items. Grub Customizer 2.0  contains an user interface to edit the /etc/default/grub-Settings. It a;so help you to select the default entry, change the visibility of the menu, timeout, kernel parameters, disable recovery entries, change screen resolution, (GFX_MODE), Menu colors (grub2 only), background image (grub2 only). You can avoid the painful experience of command line based Grub Editing.

How to install Grub Customizer 2.0 In ubuntu
Open A Terminal and type the following

$sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
$sudo apt-get update
$sudo apt-get install grub-customizer
Now it is available in Menu
Applications > System Tools > Grub Customizer 

Monday, February 7, 2011

Best download Manger for Ubuntu Linux - Uget

Uget (formerly urlgfe) is a Free and Open Source download manager written in GTK+ , it has many of features like easy-to-use , cross-platform (Windows & GNU/Linux) , support pause and resume , classify download , every category has an independent configuration
Free and Open Source .
Simple , easy-to-use and lightweight .
Support resume download , so if your connction lost you don’t need to start from first .
Classify downloads , and every category has independent configuration and queue .
Queue download .
Integrate with Firefox through Flashgot plugin .
Monitoring clipboard .
Import downloads from HTML file .
Batch download , you can download many files has same arrange , like file_1 file_2 …. file_20 , you don’t need to add all links , just one link and changeable character .
Can be used from command line .

how to install uget in ubuntu

$ apt-get install uget

Sunday, February 6, 2011

How to install linuxmint main menu in Ubuntu 10.10

Linux mint is a good flavor of  linux operating system based on ubuntu. See how to install linuxmint main menu in ubuntu.

Add the following PPA in software source.

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/mintmenu && sudo apt-get update

After installing PPA

$ sudo apt-get install mintmenu

The linuxmint maint menu is installed. The right click on top panel select 'Add to panel'->search and select mintmenu

Thursday, February 3, 2011

How to Autostart a program at bootup in ubuntu Linux

I you want to auto start a program (or script) in ubuntu Linux  at bootup by creating a symbolic link to that program (or script) in the ~/.config/autostart folder.

For example, to start Firefox at bootup, create a symbolic link:

$ sudo ln -s /usr/bin/firefox ~/.config/autostart

Wednesday, February 2, 2011

How To Install LTSP in Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal

Linux Terminal Server Project (LTSP) is a free and open source software for Linux that allows many people to simultaneously use the same computer. Applications run on the server with a terminal known as a thin client (also known as an X terminal) handling input and output. Generally, terminals are low-powered, lack a hard disk and are quieter than desktop computers because they do not have any moving parts.
In case of the newer MueKow (LTSP 5) setup, the client first builds an SSH tunnel to the LTSP server's X environment, through which it will start the LDM login manager (on the LTSP server). From this point forward, all programs are started on the LTSP server, but displayed and operated from the client.

See How to install LTSP in Ubuntu with few simple steps.
First You have to set a Static IP address in Your Machine to
( See How to setup static IP)
Open a terminal in your existing Ubuntu Machine ad type the following Commands

$ sudo apt-get install ltsp-server-standalone openssh-server

$ sudo ltsp-build-client
$ sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart
$ sudo /etc/init.d/dhcp3-server restart

Now Your LTSP Server is ready. Set PXE boot in client system ( This means you have to select Network card as your Boot Device).

If you change your IP Address You have to do the following
* Configure DHCP Server (/etc/ltsp/dhcpd.conf)
* Run command "sudo ltsp-update-sshkeys"

Saturday, January 29, 2011

How to play DVD Movies in Ubuntu Linux 10.10

See How to play DVD Movies in Your Ubuntu Box

Ubuntu 9.04, 9.10, 10.04 (i386, amd64) and 10.10

Install the libdvdread4 package (no need to add third party repositories) via Synaptic or command line:

$ sudo apt-get install libdvdread4

Run the following command 

$ sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh
Another Way

 Add mediubuntu repositories   
$ sudo wget --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list
http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/$(lsb_release -cs).list
$ sudo apt-get --quiet update

Update Key
$ sudo apt-get --yes --quiet --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring
$ sudo apt-get --quiet update

Install the following packages 
$ sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2
$ sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
$ sudo cd /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh

Now Play your DVD Movie in your Favorite Movie player

Thursday, January 20, 2011

How to Crack ZIP passwords with Fcrackzip in Ubuntu / Debian

 Fcrackzip is a Simple but useful tool for Ubuntu/ Debian Linux users which will help you to crack lost zip passwords. it is similar to similar to fzc, zipcrack

Open a terminal and use the following Command Or Use Synaptic Package manager

$ sudo apt-get install fcrackzip

$ fcrackzip --help

The above Command will can use for Help


$ fcrackzip -c a -p aaaaaa sample.zip

The above cimmand will check the encrypted files in sample.zip for all lowercase 6 character passwords (aaaaaa ... abaaba ... ghfgrg ... zzzzzz).
fcrackzip --method cpmask --charset A --init AAAA test.ppm
checks the obscured image test.ppm for all four character passwords. -TP fcrackzip -D -p passwords.txt sample.zip check for every password listed in the file passwords.txt.
 fcrackzip supports brute force mode as well as dictionary mode.

Wednesday, January 19, 2011

How to Mount A Linux Partition In FreeBSD

For ext2fs filesystem  Support under FreeBSD, You  have to build a new kernel with ext2fs support. Put the line
options “EXT2FS”

in your kernel configuration file for the new kernel and compile.


Do the following steps to enable ext2fs support in the kernel:

# cd /usr/src/sys/modules/ext2fs
# make
# make install

You can use ‘kldload‘ to load the ext2fs module in to the kernel.

# kldload ext2fs
Then you will be able to mount your linux partitions by giving a command like:

# mount -t ext2fs /dev/ad1s1 /mnt

to unload module use

# kldunload ext2fs

To load the module automatically on system startup

add the following line in to /boot/loader.conf


Tuesday, January 18, 2011

After Using apt-get Install , Where .deb files are stored in Ubuntu / Debian ?

Here you can see a simple but useful tip for Ubuntu/Debian users


this directory contains the debian packages download by the apt-get

You can Reuse this files for installing  applications in another system. 

Monday, January 17, 2011

Disconnect a network user from the network using Tuxcut in Ubuntu / Debian

 Tux cut is this is a simple program to disconnect  the network  user in the same network , NetCut is a Software that helps network admin by purely on ARP protocol . List IP-MAC Table in secs, turn off & On network on any computer on your LAN including any device like router , switcher. Also, can protected user from ARP SPOOF attack .
How to install tuxut in ubuntu/Debian
see This Link

Sunday, January 16, 2011

Control Your Network Traffic with Wondershaper in Ubuntu/ Debian Linux

Control Your Network Traffic with Wondershaper in Linux

If you are a Network Administrator with little knowledge in Network Protocols and IPtables, don't worry you can also control your network traffic with a simple tool named wondershaper. It Works on Linux 2.4 & higher.

Open a Terminal and type the following

$ sudo apt-get install wondershaper

official site : http://lartc.org/wondershaper/

Readme files in /usr/share/doc/wondershaper

The following Command will help you to find the network interface (eth0, eth1 or wifi0 etc..)


$sudo wondershaper eth0 downspeed upspeed
eg: sudo wonderspeed 128 64

To Disable this settings

$sudo wondershaper clear eth0

make these connection settings permanent by editing /etc/network/interfaces file :

$ sudo gedit /etc/network/interfaces and add the following lines

up /sbin/wondershaper eth0 downspeed upspeed
down /sbin/wondershaper clear eth0

Wednesday, January 12, 2011

Solve PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Problem in Ubuntu 10.04

Use the following command for solving PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Problem

$ sudo rmmod psmouse
$ sudo modprobe psmouse

If you cannot access the  system , connect in a network, use remote login and use above the command

Tuesday, January 11, 2011

Real Time Clock (DS1307) Using Pic16F877A and CCS C

Real time Clock interface using DS1307 and PIC16F877a is used in lot od embedded related projects. See the link below for circuit and working Code in CCS c.
See This Link

Tuesday, January 4, 2011

How to Play Sony Handicam files ( .m2ts ) in Ubuntu Linux

What is M2TS?

MT2S files are generally used with Sony formats and hardware, particularly Blu-ray Disc and AVCHD. Camcorders make use of M2TS in the form of AVCHD, a recording format made specifically for camcorders. Some Canon camcorder models also use M2TS files. M2TS are capable of storing quite a large amount of information and data tracks. Software called the "Picture Motion Browser" is distributed with Sony camcorders for playing this files

Now how to install M2TS files in Ubuntu using VLC Player

First you have to install the following

$ sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Or You can use synaptic Package manager  

Now make the following settings carefully in your VLC
Go to Tools -->Preferences --> Input &  Codecs 
For the option “Skip the loop filter for H.264 decoding” select ALL

Then in preference window Click Show Settings -> All. Now expand Stream Output -> Click Muxers ->select Mux module as “FFmpeg muxer


Expand Video -> Select Output module -> In Video Output module and select X11 video output.

Saturday, January 1, 2011


Dear Friends

Please Do your Duty First, After that You can calculate your Scale. You are eating Public Money , So Calculate it  with out affecting Your Work.

Allowance for specs Increased, So I am using Small Font. 

New scales : 

1. 8500-230-9190-250-9940-270-11020-300-12220 

2. 8730-230-9190-250-9940-270-11020-300-12220-330-12550

3. 8960-230-9190-250-9940-270-11020-300-12220-330-13210 

4. 9190-250-9940-270-11020-300-12220-330-13540-360-14620

5. 9940-270-11020-300-12220-330-13540-360-14980-400-15380

6. 10480-270-11020-300-12220-330-13540-360-14980-400-16980-440-17420

7. 11620-300-12220-330-13540-360-14980-400-16980-440-18740

8. 13210-330-13540-360-14980-400-16980-440-18740-500-20740

9. 13900-360-14980-400-16980-440-18740-500-21240-560-22360

10. 14620-360-14980-400-16980-440-18740-500-21240-560-23480

11. 15380-400-16980-440-18740-500-21240-560-24040

12. 16180-400-16980-440-18740-500-21240-560-24040-620-27140

13. 16980-440-18740-500-21240-560-24040-620-27140-680-29180

14. 18740-500-21240-560-24040-620-27140-680-29860-750-31,360 

15. 19240-500-21240-560-24040-620-27140-680-29860-750-32110

16. 20740-500-21240-560-24040-620-27140-680-29860-750-32860-820-33680

17. 21240-560-24040-620-27140-680-29860-750-32860-820-34500


19. 24040-620-27140-680-29860-750-32860-820-36140

20. 29180-680-29860-750-32860-820-36140-900-40640



23. 40640-1000-48640-1100-54140

24. 42640-1000-48640-1100-55240

25. 44640-1000-48640-1100-56340

26. 46640-1000-48640-1100-57440-1200-58640


1. Basic Pay (pre revised scale)at the Option date You  have chosen.
2. 64%of DA to be merged.
3. Fitment Benefit(10% of pre revised basic pay OR minimum of Rs.1000)
4. Total of 1+2+3
5. fix the stage in the revised scale
6. Service weightage : 0.5% for every year of service(suppose u have 6 year of service at the date of option,u have got 3% of revised basic pay as service weightage)
7. Total 5+6
8. fix the stage in the revised scale as u r Basic Pay at the option date.

64%DA merged,remaining 14% continuing

Above information is not 100% official. Please verify official data for more clarity.